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Maintenance régulière de l’ordinateur

Published June 5, 2007 by WebMaster

La maintenance de l’ordinateur est souvent négligée, pourtant on peut gagner ou retrouver jusqu’a 40% de performances en prenant certaines habitudes : Les outils de la maintenance régulière : Le défragmenteur (defrag) soit celui de Windows se trouvant dans Démarrer/Programmes/Accessoires/ Outils Système soit votre logiciel comme Norton Speed Disk, FixIt, Defrag 2000… Scandisk dans Démarrer/Programmes/Accessoires/ Outils Système soit Norton Disk Doctor, FixIt ou System Mechanic… L’outil msconfig accessible en faisant Démarrer/Exécuter et en tapant msconfig.exe.

Lancer régulièrement la défragmentation soit avec l’utilitaire Windows qui est Defrag, soit en utilisant d’autres logiciels encore meilleurs du type Norton Speed Disk… On peut estimer que la bonne périodicité de lancement est la semaine dans la plupart des cas. Cependant, si vous faites le grand nettoyage sur vos disques, que vous installez/désinstallez beaucoup de choses, la défragmentation sera la bienvenue à ce moment ou juste avant d’installer un gros programme. Faites régulièrement un Scandisk ou équivalent (comme cité plus haut), une fois par mois par exemple : ceci servira à corriger les erreurs (fichiers perdus…) se trouvant sur le disque dur et donc de limiter les bugs et les ralentissements.

Effacez les répertoires, logiciels et les inscriptions de la base de registre qui ne servent à rien ou qui sont vides. Désinstallez, de manière propre, les logiciels qui ne vous servent plus en allant dans Démarrer/Paramètres/Panneau de configuration/Ajout Suppression de programmes. Lancez un utilitaire qui nettoie la base de registre des restes d’installation, des liens vers des applications qui n’existent plus… par exemple avec Cleansweep ou WinOptimiser… Videz le répertoire “c: windowstemp” de tout ce qu’il contient. Laissez un minimum de 300, voire 500 Mo sur votre disque dur principal (celui où se trouve Windows, c’està- dire C:), ceci pour permettre aux différents caches et au swap (mémoire virtuelle) de s’exprimer dans toute leur grandeur.

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